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Importance of Kundan Art Rangoli Designs
Rangoli is derived from the Sanskrut word 'rangavalli'. Rangoli is an art which precedes sculpture and painting. It is both an auspicious and a preliminary necessity in any religious ritual. It is a custom to draw rangoli at the site of any auspicious religious ritual such as a holy festival, a religious festival, an auspicious function like wedding, ritualistic worship, a vowed religious observance, etc.
The two aims of drawing rangoli are revelation of beauty and the acquisition of auspiciousness. The forms drawn in the rangoli are symbolic. A curved line produces a better effect of beauty than a straight one.
Rangoli is a coarse powder obtained by pounding a cleavable and lustrous mineral (shirgola). In the Konkan region (near Maharashtra and Goa states in India) the husks of rice are burnt and the white ash obtained is used as rangoli.
Rangoli is generally drawn on mud floor, cow dung smeared floor, tiled floor, etc.
When performing the act of moving lit lamps about the face for someone (Āratī) too, rangolī is drawn around the wooden seat (pat) on which he is seated and also in front of him.
At public functions also during a meal rangolī is drawn around a wooden seat and the plate or leaf on which the meal is served.
During Diwali various rangolī designs are drawn at the doorstep and decorated with different colours.
After smearing the ground with cow dung one should not forget to draw at least four lines of rangolī on it. Ground smeared with cow dung but not decorated with rangolī is said to be inauspicious.
Spiritual significance of rangoli
In Hindu Dharma, rangoli is drawn during every festival, auspicious occasion, religious rituals, etc. All the festivals, auspicious occasions, rituals, etc. are associated with one of Deity principles. During these days, the Divine principle of a specific Deity is present in the atmosphere in a larger proportion on the day of the respective festival or is attracted to the venue where religious rituals of that Deity are being performed. In order to attract maximum Deity principle, rangolis that attract and transmit respective Deity principle are drawn so that everyone derives spiritual benefits from it. According to a Principle in Spirituality that 'word, touch, taste, form, smell and their energy co-exist,' even if a small variation is made in the form and colour of the rangoli, its vibrations change. The booklet 'SattvikRangolis' illustrates various sattvik designs ofrangolis which attract and transmit various Deity Principles such as – Deity Ganesh, Deity Rama, Deity Krushna, et. al. The main feature of sattvik rangoli is that due to transmittance of Deity Principle, the devotees get various anubhutis (spiritual experiences) of Shakti (Divine Energy), Bhav (spiritual emotion), Chaitanya (Divine Consciousness), Anand (Bliss) and Shanti(Serenity).